Glucose is the body’s main energy source and is produced by the breakdown of carbohydrates from food intake as well as from stores within the body. Diabetes Mellitus, commonly referred to as ‘diabetes’, exists in two major forms: type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes develops if the body is unable to produce any insulin, a hormone responsible for blood glucose control.
Type 2 diabetes develops when the body can still make some insulin, but not enough, or when the insulin that is produced does not work properly (known as insulin resistance).
If either type of diabetes is not managed carefully, the levels of blood glucose may remain unacceptably high and expose patients to the risk of serious complications. A vast increase in the number of people with diabetes is expected in many countries in the coming years. Most of these cases will be type 2 diabetes, which can be attributed to an ageing population and a dramatic increase in rates of obesity.